Lake Nakuru National Park
Lake Nakuru National Park is home to thousands of
pink flamingoes and pelicans. This exotic park boasts of
a rich concentration of wildlife including black and
white colobus monkeys and is also a Rhino sanctuary.
Look for temperamental black rhinos browsing in the
bushes, and larger white rhinos cropping grass along the
lakeside. No where else will get a photo of a rhino with
a back drop of pink flamingos sifting food from a
Lake Nakuru is a shallow alkaline lake that is about 60
square kilometers in size. It is set in a picturesque
landscape surrounded by woodlands and grassland close to
Nakuru town. The landscape includes areas of marsh and
grasslands alternating with rocky cliffs and outcrops,
stretches of acacia woodland and rocky hillsides covered
with a Euphorbia forest on the eastern perimeter.
Lake Nakuru is bordered by Menengai crater to the north,
the Bahati hills to the north east, the lion hill ranges
to the east, Eburu crater to the south and the Mau
escarpment to the west. Three major rivers, the Njoro,
Makalia and Enderit drain into the lake, together with
treated water from the town's sewage works and the
outflow from several springs along the shore.
Lake Nakuru was first gazetted as a bird sanctuary in
1960 and upgraded to National Park status in 1968. A
northern extension was added to the park in 1974 and the
lake was designated as a Ramsar site in 1990. The
foundation of the parks food chains is the cyanophyte
spirulina platensis which can support huge numbers of
Currently one of the two only fully fenced national
parks in Kenya (one being the Aberdares), Lake Nakuru
National Park covers around 90 square miles. It has
unusual but beautiful vegetation. The forest vegetation
is covered with Euphorbia, tall cactus like trees and
acacia woodland. The forest region is a host to over 400
migratory bird species from around the world.
Nakuru has more than just flamingos. This is a major
National Park and an important sanctuary for Rhino. Both
Black and White Rhino are found here, and are often seen
resting under acacias by the Lake shore.
The park abounds with game. There are huge herds of
waterbuck, zebra, buffalo, the endangered Rothschild
Giraffe and more.
Other wildlife in the Lake Nakuru National Park
includes: The famous Black and White rhinos. The Black
rhinos have been slowly multiplying over the years, and
are well protected.