Serengeti National Park
Serengeti National Park covers 14,763 sq km of endless rolling plains, which
reach up to the Kenyan border and extends almost to Lake
Victoria. The park is flourishing with magnificent wildlife. An
estimated 3 million large animals roam the plains. People of the
Masai Tribe called it 'Siringet' - 'the place where the land
moves on forever' or 'endless plains' The Serengeti is known as
one of the best wildlife sanctuary in the world.
Serengeti National Park is renown for the migration of animals. Every October
and November, more than a million wildebeest and about 220,000
zebras travel south from the northern hills to the southern
plains for the short tropical rains, and then journey west and
north after the long rains in April to June. The animals'
ancient instinct to move is so strong that no drought, gorge or
crocodile infested river can hold them back. The Wildebeest
migrate through a number of parks, reserves and protected areas
and through a variety of habitat.
During their annual pilgrimage they will travel some 2.000 miles
devouring 4.000 tonnes of grass a day. A quarter of a million
will be born, many will die.
Park boasts large herds of antelope including
Patterson's eland, Klipspringer, Dikdik, Zebra, gazelles, lion,
impala, leopard, cheetah, hyena and other larger mammals like
the rhino, giraffe, elephant and hippopotamus. Nearly 500
species of birds have been recorded in the park. Serengeti
National Park offers it visitors an opportunity for the best game-viewing in Africa.
The history of human inhabitation revolves largely around the
history of the African people, from the hunter-gatherers who
wandered the plains, to the people of today who protect it as a
main destination for travellers. The Serengeti's history has
been virtually ignored, except Olduvai Gorge, where the Leakey
family discovered fossils of human and animal ancestors dating
back to almost two million years, and which is part of the
Ngorongoro Crater Conservation Area.
Tsetse flies in the woodlands, and sleeping sickness, guaranteed
that the Serengeti was spared of European settlement, and with
it the distinction of the wildlife that other African countries
were subjected to.
The Serengeti's climate is warm and dry. The tropical rainy
season is from March to May, short rains come in from October to
November. The Serengeti is lush and green after the rains, but a
steady drying up follows which inhibits plant growth and
encourages the animals to migrate in search of waters.